Have you ever found yourself behind a restrictive firewall that only allows outbound http(s) traffic, but you need to SSH out? Perhaps you’ve tried running SSH on port 443 (https) but those connections have been denied as well. In this post I’ll outline how to configure stunnel on an SSH server to allow encrypted SSH connections over port 443 (https).
This configuration is done in two parts. The first half is done on the remote SSH server. The second half is done on the local machine. In this case I’m running Ubuntu Server and Ubuntu Desktop for the client.
Server Side Instructions
First off we’ll need to install the stunnel package:
sudo apt-get install stunnel4
Once the package is installed we’ll need to configure stunnel with an SSL certificate and a config file. First, the SSL certificate:
openssl genrsa 1024 > stunnel.key openssl req -new -key stunnel.key -x509 -days 1000 -out stunnel.crt cat stunnel.crt stunnel.key > stunnel.pem sudo mv stunnel.pem /etc/stunnel/
Configure stunnel to tunnel 443 (https) to 22 (ssh):
By default stunnel doesn’t provide any config files. We’ll create a simple config file to meet the needs of using SSH over SSL. Create a new file, /etc/stunnel/stunnel.conf and copy in the contents below:
pid = /var/run/stunnel.pid cert = /etc/stunnel/stunnel.pem [ssh] accept = public_ip:443 connect = 127.0.0.1:22
The above configuration tells stunnel where to find the certificate we generated and where to accept and forward connections. In this case stunnel will listen on the public_ip on port 443 (https) and redirect connections there back to localhost on 22 (ssh).
In order to start the stunnel service we’ll need to activate it in
/etc/default/stunnel4. Change the ENABLED line from 0 to 1.
Finally, we can start the service and move on to the client configuration:
sudo service stunnel4 start
Make the connection
With the stunnel service now running on both the server and the client we’re ready to make the secure connection. Now when you connect to your local machine on port 2200 it will make a connection to the remote IP on port 443, create a secure SSL connection, and connect to port 22 on the other end. Your encrypted SSH connections are now wrapped in an encrypted SSL connection using port 443.
ssh localhost -p 2200
You have just learned how to tunnel SSH over SSL! It wasn't that hard when you look back now! Thank to some of my donors like mktoho for helping me continue posting!
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